How to Frame New Basement Walls
Finishing a basement costs less than wall construction above grade. With a basic understanding of home building practices and the correct tools, you can perform the basic framing of new walls in your basement.
Items You Will Need:
4 Mill Plastic
2 by 4 x 12' or 16' SPF Plate Lumber
2 by 4 SPF Stud Lumber (Often 92 5/8" or 96" studs)
2 by 4 x 12' or 16' SPF Treated Bottom Plate Lumber
Tools You Will Need:
Power Tools and Accessories
Framing gun & Nails ( Hammer and nails)
Saw - Circular Saw (Milwaukee?) or Miter Box (12" DeWalt Miter boxes work well)
Hammer Drill (Bosch SDS shank works great) with bits and anchors
How to Frame New Basement Walls
#1 Correct all moisture problems BEFORE finishing your basement. Attaching 4 mill plastic behind where your exterior walls will be placed is recommended although you may desire to check this practice with your local building department.
#2 Layout the studs so the joists in the ceiling line up as closely as possible with your new wall framing.
# 3 Measure and snap chalk lines on the floor where the new walls will be constructed. Cut and install 2 by 4 treated lumber for the bottom lying floor plates. Where wood comes into direct contact with concrete the use of treated lumber reduces the risk of moisture damage. Fasten the treated bottom 2x4 plates with your hammer drill and concrete anchors. Measuring approximately 1" away from exterior walls will leave the required minimum distance of 1/2" away from the concrete and leave plenty of room for concrete variations.
#4 Install doubled 2x4 ceiling plates directly above the floor plates. With your 48" level and a straight 2x4 stud determine where to install your ceiling plates. An alternative to this method is using a simple plumb bob tool.
#5 Frame wall studs 16 inches O.C. (On-center) centers, using the floor joists as a guide where possible. Why do I line up the studs with the joists you ask? A main reason is providing easy passage of plumbing, venting and wiring.
#6 Toe nail studs to plates. Measure each stud before it is cut. This is different than framing first or second floor walls. Since the concrete floor will have variations in level measuring and cutting each stud individually is needed. If you have a framing gun use this to attach the top and bottom of the studs to the 2x4 ceiling plates and the floor plates.
Air Source Heat Pump Informational Websites
How Air-Source Heat Pumps Work by the U. S. Department of Energy
Electric Air Source Heat Pumps
Air source heat pumps are a type of heat pump which utilize outside air as a heat source to heat or cool. Air source heat pumps are more efficient than oil, gas, and electric heating in mild climates but they are less efficient than ground source heat pumps. Why? Ground source heat pumps receive energy from the ground which is warmer than the outside air in winter. Air source heat pumps cost less to install than ground source pumps as they avoid the installation cost of a ground loop.
A heat pump transfers heat energy from a cooler to a warmer location. A heat pump uses the refrigeration process and transfers low temperature energy to a refrigeration loop, compresses the refrigerant to a high temperature, and transfers this heat to the hot water and heating distribution syste. In the summer this same energy removes it from the home. Systems normally range from a single 4kW unit to multiple units with a single controller producing around 300kW.
Source: Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia on Air Source Heat Pumps
The following Air Source Heat Pump website is highly recommended by Sophy Jhonson. http://www.daikin.co.uk
Daikin Altherma provides an air source heat pump system
that uses renewable low-carbon technology instead of conventional
fossil fuel boilers.
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