How To Paint—Painting Tips

Color is used to influence how the size of the room  feels:


The desired Effect 

Your Color Choice

Expand  space?

Use cool, light, or dull colors; minimal contrasts

Shrink space?

Include warm, dark, or bright colors; maximum contrasts

Lower ceiling?

Try warm colors and dark tones

Raise ceiling?

Use cool colors and light tints

Shorten room?

Best to use warm or dark colors

Lengthen room? 

Cool, light, or dull colors; limited contrasts

Hide an undesirable feature? 

Surrounding color


Tip: Prime Mistake With 5 coats of paint on the wall a person asked his paint supply store why he couldn't cover the stains on the wall. " Did you prime" he was asked? "Yes - I used some leftover latex from the garage".  It was explained that latex paint isn't primer. Primer provides bonding and stain blocking. Paint provides durability and color. Both are needed for a good job. Original "Kiltz" primer dries quickly and has been found to be one of the most stain blockers. Stain Blockers absorb instead of covering up the stain - so be sure the primer is completely dry to prevent bleed through.

Tip: Don't like the Dust from sanding drywall Mud? Use a drywall wet-sander (Sponge with abrasive on one side) . With a damp sponge - use the coarse side for sanding and the fine side for smoothing.

Wood Window painted shut? Try applying the paint to the window and the sash in separate processes. It is recommended to remove the sash when possible. Use a utility knife or sash knife to cut the paint before opening the window.

Tip: Break Time? Place Brush or roller in a plastic bag. Break Time overnight? Double Bag and place in your refrigerator.   Tip: Painting a large area like a entire home? Sprayer Rentals are available for minimal $.

Tip: Paint Roller extension handle that extends and is adjustable.      


Brushes and Rollers

Selecting the right brushes and rollers is a crucial step in making your paint jobs look better while helping you to do your work more easily and efficiently.

Brushes : There are many different sizes and styles. A brush is an ideal choice when painting trim, corners and small areas. Also, a specialty paint brush should be used for projects like painting furniture, decks and railings. When selecting a brush, you’ll want to consider the following :

Bristle Type -Nylon and polyester bristle: These synthetic materials are designed to hold their shape with today’s popular latex paints. A good quality >nylon and polyester blended brush is the best choice for all latex paints and coatings. Many painters prefer a synthetic brush for oil coatings as well. Natural China bristle:High-quality natural China bristle brushes have qualities that control oil-based coatings for better flow and leveling for the smoothest finish. A natural China bristle brush is the best choice for oil-based paints, stains and varnishes Brush Styles:  Angle sash: Bristles are precisely trimmed at an angle that allows painters to hold the brush more comfortably while painting trim and corners. Brush ends are rounded for a smooth , gradual paint stroke. Trim: Trim brushes have a straight cut-line and are also used for painting trim and corners They can also be used for larger areas. Some painters prefer a straight edge versus an angled cut. Trim brushes also have rounded ends. Wall: A wall brush is a larger brush with a straight cut-line. It is better used for larger areas like walls or side paneling. A wall brush has square ends. Brush Size : Personal preference is always a factor in choosing a brush width, but a good rule of thumb is For small spaces, tight trim areas, touch-ups and detail work 2 1/2 to 3 inches: For any trim and corner work 4 to 5 inches: For larger areas like walls or side paneling.

Brush Quality - Better brushes bring better results. High Production Brushes: These brushes are recommended for painters looking for superior paint pick-up and release. High Production brushes deliver great results in less time. They pick-up and release more than 25 percent more paint than any other brush on the market. High Production brushes are available in a nylon/polyester blend for latex coatings and in a white China/polyester blend for oil-based coatings.

Nylon/Polyester and 100% Nylon Brushes: A specific blend of nylon and polyester filaments make this brush a fine finishing tool that is very durable and easy to clean. The white nylon tips are precisely flagged and tapered for a sharp cut-line. These characteristics have made this line the most popular choice for latex paints for the past 15 years.

Although nylon is a soft material, it is also the strongest and most expensive material in a paint brush. 100 percent nylon brushes offer extreme durability, even when used on rough or abrasive surfaces. 100 percent nylon brushes are finished using several hand-trimming steps to create a superior cut-in tool

Black and White China Bristle Brushes: By nature, Black China bristle is stronger and thicker coarse hair, which makes it the perfect bristle to use with oil-based paints and epoxies. The highest quality Black China bristles available are used in the Contractor Series line.

White China bristle, by contrast, is soft and thin. A white China bristle brush is the perfect tool for stain, varnishes, polyurethanes and clear coatings. It lays these topcoats on with a glass-smooth finish. White China bristle brushes are suitable for oil-based paints if a softer flex tool is desired.

Black China / Ox Hair Blend Brushes: Ox hair is extremely fine and soft, creating an exceptional tool for fine finish work.

Roller Covers:  Rollers help you paint large, flat surfaces in much less time than a brush. They are also excellent for use on all walls, stucco, concrete or any other flat surface. Here are some options to consider when purchasing a roller cover: Roller Cover Materials: Nylon/polyester: Synthetic roller covers are ideal for applying latex paints, They resist matting and hold their shape for a smooth finish. Natural fiber covers: Roller covers that are made from natural fiber include mohair and lambs wool. They are ideal for oil-based coatings. Blended covers: Roller covers made from a blend of natural and synthetic fibers are excellent multipurpose covers and can be used with all paints.

Roller Length : Standard roller length is nine inches. For smaller areas, a four-inch or seven-inch roller cover. Larger area - walls & floors, 14-inch & 18-inch rollers may increase productivity. Pile Depth : Roller covers vary in nap length. The nap is determined by the surface texture to be painted:

1/4-inch, 3/16-inch: For very smooth surfaces like metal doors and plaster.

3/8-inch, 1/2-inch: For smooth and semi-smooth surfaces like drywall.

3/4-inch: For semi-rough surfaces like wood or a textured ceiling.

1-inch, 1 1/4-inch: For rough surfaces like stucco or a heavily textured ceiling.

1 1/2-inch: For extremely rough surfaces like concrete block.

Roller Quality

As with brushes, the initial extra investment in higher quality rollers and covers will pay off in the final look and ease of application. Lesser quality roller covers may leave streaks or nap fibers on the painted surface.

Polyester Knit: Specially formulated for today’s latex coatings. The highly crimped fibers offer the best protection against matting.


Soft Woven: Rivals polyester knit in popularity. Recommended for both latex and oil coatings, they do a fine job with gloss and semi-glass coatings.

Wool/Polyester Knit: Fifty percent of the roller cover fiber is natural wool, which allows for greater paint pick up and delivery. Fifty percent is polyester, which helps the roller keep its shape during prolonged use. The blend results in an excellent balance of productivity and low matting.

Merino Sheepskin: Pick up and release more paint than any other roller cover. Many painters use Merino Sheepskin exclusively for any type of coating, claiming it lasts a long time with proper care.

Mohair: Features a blend of soft natural angora mohair with synthetic fibers to produce the smoothest finish possible with a roller cover. Recommended for use with gloss and high gloss coatings.

Brushes & Rollers


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Tip: Painting Straight Lines is one of the hardest things to master. A Painting Edger may be used. When this edger is used two problems often occur. Bumps of Ceiling Texture are hit making a crooked line or paint gets on the edge of the roller. To prevent both of these problems place a painters metal shield or a straight trowel with tape over the edge against the ceiling. Your roller now rolls freely and if paint was on the roller it will go onto your trowel instead of the ceiling! (Stiff Paper or thin cardboard may substitute the trowel)

Tip 2: Using  tape instead of the above method. Place the tape down the wall one eighth of an inch. When the tape is removed it will look like a caulk line and won’t be noticed! If the paint is on the ceiling however — It stands out! Remember to remove the tape immediately. Painter Friendly Tape is very deceitful. Seven Day tape should really stay on Seven minutes. One day is the max for any tape.


“There are periods when to dare, is the highest wisdom.” William Ellery Channing

“By all means, don’t say, “If I can;” say, “I will.” Abraham Lincoln

“You may wear out, but never give up.”


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